A city. When Apacara (Upacara), king of Ceti, was swallowed up by the fires of Avīci, because of his falsehood, his five sons came to the brahmin Kapila and sought his protection. He advised them to build new cities. The city built by the fourth son was called Uttarapańcāla. It was founded in the north of Ceti, on the spot where the prince saw a wheel-frame (cakkapańjara) entirely made of jewels (J.iii.461).
According to the scholiast to the Kāmanīta Jātaka (J.ii.214), however, and also according to the Kumbhakāra Jātaka (J.iii.379ff), Pańcāla or Uttarapańcāla is the name of a country (rattha) whose capital was Kampilla, while in the Brahmadatta Jātaka (iii.79) also in the scholiast of the Citta-Sambhūta Jātaka (iv.396), Uttarapańcāla is given as the name of the city and Kampilla as that of the country and we are told that a king Pańcāla reigned there.
Pańcāla was also the name of the king of Uttarapańcāla in the Sattigumba Jātaka (iv.430), the Jayaddisa Jātaka (v.21), and the Gandatindu Jātaka (v.98). In all these Uttarapańcāla is spoken of as a city in Kampilla. In the Mahā Ummagga Jātaka (vi.391ff), Culani Brahmadatta is the king of Uttarapańcāla.
In the Somanassa Jātaka (J.iv.444), mention is made of a city named Uttarapańcāla in the Kuru country, with Renu as its king. Whether the reference is to a different city it is not possible to say. See also Pańcāla.